Current Western NC Orchard Pest Populations

We track local insect populations throughout the growing season using a system of traps, temperature-recording devices, and degree-day models. Traps and weather data are checked weekly, with results updated by Tuesday afternoon from April through September. Learn more about southeastern apple pests at the Apple Pest Management page.


Weekly summary

DSC_7978August 25, 2014

Overall, insect populations have changed little in the past couple of weeks, with codling moth and oriental fruit remaining relatively low in the vast majority of locations, and apple maggot continuing to be captured in abandoned orchards.

First generation brown marmorated stink bug adults have emerged at all locations, but numbers appear to be somewhat lower than last year.  There has been no evidence of damage in commercial orchards in Henderson or Polk Counties this year, but there may be local hotspots that we are not aware of at this time.  Bill Hanlin has reported higher activity in orchards in Wilkes and Alexander Counties. Please contact us if suspected damage is noted on fruit.


2014 Average Weekly Trap Captures*

HENDERSON COUNTY POLK COUNTY
Insects per trap Insects per trap
Aug 11
Aug 18
Aug 25
Aug 11
Aug 18
Aug 25
Codling Moth
5.6 3.2 4.2 0.0 0.1 0.1
Oriental Fruit Moth
16.9 10.0 8.5 0.8 1.3 0.0
Tufted Apple Bud Moth 2.0 5.0 6.5 0.0 4.0 1.0
Redbanded Leafroller 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Obliquebanded Leafroller 2.0 0.0 3.5 0.0 0.0 2.0
Lesser Appleworm 0.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0
Apple Maggot 1.5 3.0 3.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Brown Marmorated Stink Bug 0.3 0.3 0.8 - - -
Spotted Tentiform Leafminer 23.0 30.0 34.0 - - -
Dogwood Borer 3.0 13.0 6.0 - - -
Peachtree Borer 38.0 32.0 24.0 - - -
Lesser Peachtree Borer 35.0 48.5 66.0 - - -
Plum Curculio 0.0 0.0 0.0 - - -

*Note that averages presented here are intended only to illustrate the timing of insect emergence and fluctuations in population activity, and not as general indicators of population levels. Some orchards included in these averages have significantly higher or lower populations than most commercial orchards in the area, resulting in averages that are sometimes skewed from what is typical. The only way to have an accurate assessment of an individual orchard’s populations is to set up traps in that orchard.


2014 Accumulated Degree Days


Henderson County      Polk County
  Aug 11
Aug 18
Aug 25
  Aug 11
Aug 18
Aug 25
Codling Moth Biofix 5/2 1836 1970 2128 Biofix 5/2
2295 2471 2658
Oriental Fruit Moth Biofix 4/7 2624 2792 2981
Biofix 4/2
3207 3417 3624
Tufted Apple Bud Moth Biofix 4/28
2388 2556 2745 Biofix 4/21
2947 3157 3364

About degree-day models:

The degree day (DD) models predict adult emergence and egg hatch of each generation. They do not predict the intensity of populations, which can be assessed by using pheromone traps. Hence, the models should be used to help gauge the time period when control is most likely needed, and pheromone traps provide information on the need for and frequency of insecticide applications. For full details, read “IPM Practices for Selected Pests” in the Orchard Management Guide.

CODLING MOTH:

  • 1st generation: Egg hatch begins at about 350 DD after biofix and is completed by 1050 DD. The most critical period for insecticidal control is from 350 to about 750 DD.
  • 2nd generation: Egg hatch of the second generation can extend from about 1300 to 2600 DD after biofix, but the most critical period for insecticidal control is 1400 to about 2500 DD.
  • 3rd generation: Adults begin to emerge at about 2500 DD after biofix, but the model is less accurate in predicting late-season populations.
ORIENTAL FRUIT MOTH:

  • 1st generation: Only one insecticide application between 400 and 500 degree days is usually necessary, as 1st generation egg-laying is usually low on apple.
  • 2nd generation: Effective 1st-generation control may eliminate the need for 2nd-generation control. If trap captures remain high, insecticides may be needed around 1100 to 1400 DD.
  • 3rd generation: Insecticide may be needed at 2200 DD after biofix.
  • 4th generation: Overlapping generations late in the season make it difficult to predict when 4th-generation egg hatch begins, but continuous egg-laying can occur from August through October. Use traps to determine the need for further insecticide applications.
 TUFTED APPLE BUD MOTH:

  • 1st generation: One well-timed insecticide application between 800 and 1200 DD after biofix will often eliminate the need for further control of TABM.
  • 2nd generation: Only if trap captures exceed 25 moths per trap by 2600 DD is an insecticide application recommended. NOTE: Insecticides targeting 2nd generation TABM are usually not necessary if 1st generation populations were successfully controlled.

2014 Pest Trends (click to enlarge)

UPDATED August 25

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