Asking About Organic Aphid Management in Tobacco

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I have recently received a few question about organic aphid management in tobacco, specifically about efficacy of different foliar insecticides. We have done a fair amount of work on organically acceptable insecticides in tobacco, including work on tobacco flea beetles and caterpillar pests, but aphid management with these materials is particularly difficult. Organic materials act differently than conventional materials, and waiting to treat until 10% infestation is likely inappropriate for organic materials.

Therefore, I suggest that organic growers manage aphids as follows:
1. Scout fields at least weekly until topping.
2. When reproducing aphid populations are observed (large wingless aphids are observed surrounded by small wingless aphids), begin treatments of your chosen material (more on that below). Only the upper 1/3 of leaves need to be observed for aphids.

Green peach aphid nymphs next to a mature female aphid. Photo: Alejandro Merchan

3. Continue with treatments on a weekly basis until aphids are no longer observed or until topping, whichever comes first.
4. Top as soon as feasible. Consider making several topping passes through a field, if feasible.

In regards to selecting a material, because all of them have had essentially marginal activity in our experiments, I’m not too enthusiastic about any of them. Organically acceptable materials recommended for use in tobacco are indicated as OMRI listed in the NC Agricultural Chemicals Manual. At this time, we probably get the best aphid control through topping, which hardens off the leaves, and subsequent contact applications.

More information

Efficacy of organically acceptable pesticides against tobacco flea beetles, 2013Arthropod Management Tests

Efficacy of organically acceptable pesticides against key tobacco pests, 2013Arthropod Management Tests

Scouting for green peach aphids in tobaccoTobacco Growers Information Portal

Written By

Photo of Dr. Hannah BurrackDr. Hannah BurrackAssoc. Professor and Extension Specialist (Berry, Tobacco and Specialty Crops) (919) 513-4344 hannah_burrack@ncsu.eduEntomology and Plant Pathology - NC State University
Posted on May 16, 2016
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