Spotted-Wing Drosophila Research and Extension Priorities, 2012
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Research, extension, and education priorities for spotted wing drosophila in eastern North America
Rankings were developed by attendees at the Sept 20-21st eFly SWD Working Group meeting in Raleigh, NC. Activities were discussed on Sept 20th and were ranked by a portion of the group on Sept 21st, 2012.
Email comments from virtual attendees and those unable to participate in the ranking exercise in person were incorporated into the final ranking. Each participant ranked their top four priorities. Priorities were then scored based on the number of times they appeared in the first, second, third, or fourth priority category, and this score was used as a weighed rank. This exercise narrowed the list of activities from more than 40 to 26.
|1||Traps and lures that are selective, efficient, and can be used in IPM programs|
|2||Mechanisms for communication and coordination between growers and researchers|
|3||Methods to improve performance of currently available pesticides|
|4||Overwinter biology/source of spring populations|
|5||Pesticide resistance management|
|6||New pesticide modes of action|
|7||Filling the grower “toolbox”|
|8||Sampling methods and programs that predict risk|
|9||Educating growers about current tools and tactics|
|11||Oviposition and host relationships|
|12||Ecology in natural habitats|
|13||Interactions with other insect pests and pathogens|
|15||Crisis management plan|
|16||“Silver bullet” short term strategies|
|18||Host susceptibility/phenotype and genotype effects|
|19||Exotic and native biological control|
|20||Exclusion and barrier methods of control|
|21||Push-pull management systems|
|22||Expanding existing pesticide labels|
|23||Extension agent training|
|24||Post harvest removal from fruit, removal of infested fruit, and treatments|
|25||Mating disruption/behavioral management|
|26||Genetic pest management|
|Activities noted as important but not ranked included:|
Minimizing pesticide residues
Degree day models
Reaching out to non commercial/small scale commercial clientele
Enhancing existing grower groups
Mechanisms for measuring loss
The following activities are currently underway or eminent in eastern North America. This list does not include activities currently underway in the western US as part of a currently funded USDA SCRI project.
|Push-pull strategies||R. Cowles, Canadian research groups|
|Degree day models||Oregon State University; University of Guelph|
|Host susceptibility/phenotype and genotype effects||H. Burrack & NC State University small fruit breeders|
|Post harvest quarantine treatments||S. Walse, USDA ARS Parlier|
|Enhanced pesticide efficacy||R. Cowles|
|Exclusion and barrier methods of control||D. Johnson|