Termites “Spring” Into Action
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Since I didn’t have any luck with predicting March Madness, I’ll switch to what for many homeowners might be called “April Angst” – Termites. Yesterday’s rain across large swaths of North Carolina coupled with the warmer temperatures that we’ll see today and into the weekend are the proverbial “perfect storm” for termites to rear the heads (and wings) and swarmers to make an appearance.
Most termites in a colony do not have wings but at this time of year, we see a new batch of winged reproductives – future king and queen termites who are looking to build new colonies. (See Termite Swarmers – What Do They Mean for You?) Aside from having wings, these termites look different from the worker termites in the colony because they are dark in color and more resemble what many people call “flying ants” (which is a generic term for the reproductives of any number of ant species). Termites typically swarm during the daytime. They appear suddenly and may be around for several hours and then suddenly disappear. Very often, the only sign of their activity are their shed wings scattered about the area.
If swarmers are seen outdoors, take it as nature’s way of reminding you that termites live all around us. BUT, that does not necessarily mean that they’re invading our homes. The solution? Take the hint and consider contacting a pest management professional to inspect your home to look for any other sign of termite activity. This can be particularly helpful if your home has not been treated or inspected for more than 8-10 years. If termites swarm inside your home, we refer to this in scientific terms as “a bad thing”. It’s nature’s way of telling you that you’re could very likely be hosting a family of several thousand termites. If you have a termite contract, contact the pest management company immediately and arrange for an inspection. If you don’t have a contract, it is best to contact 2-3 companies and have them inspect your home and give you an assessment of any problems and how they propose treating it. This is an instance where “do-it-yourself” is probably not a good choice. Termite treatments include the use of a liquid insecticide applied to the soil and/or the use of an in-ground termite baiting system. The choice of treatment may be a matter of your preference or dictated somewhat by the type of construction of your house (e.g., crawlspace, slab or basement). We don’t recommend one type of treatment over another. The major piece of advice for you to follow – take your take and compare the treatment proposals in terms of the method of treatment, cost of the treatment, and terms of the warranty provided. Most contracts are renewed annually and come with an annual fee of $100 – $350 (depending on the type of treatment you have). Termites are not going to cause significant damage in the 7-14 days that you might use to make your decision on how best to protect your home and, in many cases, the company may have to schedule you 1-2 weeks out anyway as they get busier at this time of year.
Be smart about controlling termites by being a smart, well-informed consumer. We have additional information about termites and termite treatments at:
- Termites – Biology and Control
- Termite Baiting Systems Termites
- Preventing Problems in Existing Homes
Mike Waldvogel and Patty Alder Dept. of Entomology and Plant Pathology